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Men Having Babies Research Article Library

MHB is collaborating with researchers worldwide to encourage and support research to contribute to our understanding of surrogacy and gay parenting. In addition, the effective dissemination of research findings is of vital importance. Below you will find a library of exiting academic studies and reviews. They have been assembled for the most part by the International Surrogacy Research Group led by Dr. Nicola Carone of the University of Pavia, Italy. Also assisting in the effort are Dr. Henny Bos (University of Amsterdam), Dr. Ellen Lorenceau (University Paris Diderot, CRPMS), Dr. Luis Moya-Albiol (Universitat de València), Dr. Loes van Rijn - van Gelderen (University of Amsterdam), and Dr. Mary Riddle (The Pennsylvania State University).

Please feel free to send us suggestions for additional studies to include in the library.

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Genetic and Gestational Surrogate Mothers' Experience of Surrogacy

The psychological characteristics, motivations and experiences of surrogate mothers have not received much research attention, yet their reproductive role has significant psychological, social, theoretical and politico-legal implications. In general, the experience of surrogacy was important and very positive for most surrogates, though some negative experiences were also reported. One surrogate reported some psychopathology but no significant differences in quality of life were apparent between the groups. The implications of the lack of substantial differences between these two types of surrogates are discussed, and provide some of the evidence needed to support current debates informing legislation, information and counselling.

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‘Not a primrose path’: Commissioning parents' experiences of surrogacy arrangements in Britain

The introduction into UK legislation on 1 November 1994 of Section 30 of the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Act 1990 was the direct consequence of a married couple seeking to establish their parental responsibility for their genetic twins born to a surrogate mother. Whilst there has been considerable debate in the UK and elsewhere concerning the desirability or otherwise of surrogacy, the arguments for and against its regulation, and its impact on surrogate mothers, commissioning parents and children born following a surrogacy arrangement, little accurate knowledge concerning surrogacy arrangements has been available to inform either this debate or aid policy development. This paper provides information from interviews with commissioning parents undertaken as part of an exploratory empirical study of surrogacy arrangements in the UK, and complements an earlier account of the experiences of surrogate mothers (Blyth, 1994).

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“I wanted to be interesting. I wanted to be able to say ‘I've done something interesting with my life’”: Interviews with surrogate mothers in Britain

Surrogacy arrangements have generated considerable debate in Britain and elsewhere, although such debate has taken place in an empirical vacuum. Nevertheless, despite the explicit intention of government policy that there should be no provision for licensing of non-commercial surrogacy services, surrogacy arrangements are being inexorably drawn into the regulatory framework established under the provisions of the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Act 1990 (Blyth, 1993). Following implementation of the Act an exploratory empirical study (the first of its kind to be conducted in Britain) was carried out to investigate the experiences of British surrogate mothers and commissioning parents. This paper reports on the findings concerning the experiences of the surrogate mothers involved in the study. The experiences of commissioning parents will be reported separately.

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